Addressing issues related to market framework, system operations, network planning and data handling, the paper highlights a number of key findings, including:
- Consumers must be allowed to participate in all markets. TSOs and DSOs must support the appropriate market framework in order to enable this participation;
- TSOs should work with DSOs and regulators in determining requirements around observability and active power management of distributed generation (DG) and demand-side response;
- TSOs and DSOs need to have a clear and consistent governance framework. Due to the diversity of arrangements between TSOs and DSOs at national level, there is no one-size-fits-all solution.
DSOs and ENTSO-E must work together to scope out how the role of consumers can be enhanced to enable them to fully participate in the electricity system of the future. Collaboration with DSO associations is starting and is planned to develop further to enable this further integration of consumers as active participants within Europe’s energy market.