System Operations Committee

ENTSO-E’s operations activities are overseen by the ENTSO-E System Operations Committee (SOC) presided by Tahir Kapetanovic from Austrian Power Grid (APG), Austria as Chairman and by Olivier Arrive from RTE , France as Vice-Chairman. The Committee reports to the ENTSO-E Board and Assembly.

All activities of the ENTSO-E SOC are supported by the ENTSO-E Operations Secretariat team.

What we do

System Operations is the core activity of any transmission system operator (TSO). It covers the actions taken to ensure the secure and optimal real-time operation of the grid, enduring resilience of the transmission system.

The ENTSO-E System Operations activities are about:

  • Developing and maintaining European operational framework, notably through operations network codes/guidelines, agreements and standards;

  • Coordinating measures for protection of critical infrastructure;

  • Developing and maintaining communication infrastructure and systems including inter alia: dedicated real-time data exchange communication network called Electronic Highway, and the ENTSO-E Awareness System which provides a real-time pan-European view on the state of transmission systems;

  • Establishing European rules for facilitating the development and implementation of a common grid model for all stages of system operation;

  • Facilitating development of Operational Planning Data Environment, which is a cornerstone for developing and maintaining common grid model

  • Defining and implementing methods for system balancing;

  • Classification and follow up of operational incidents;

  • Regional security coordination and its evolution through the Regional Security Coordinators (in the future Regional Coordination Centers) and services to be provided based on the legal mandates and those required extra by TSOs;

  • Proactively assessing innovations and power system future needs and proposing the best operational strategies for the power system to meet and best facilitate the energy transition.

How we are organized

Groups within SOC Currently, there are four steering groups, one working group and two projects reporting directly into SOC. Each group is supported by our Secretariat team. You can learn more about each group below.


Operations reports to the SOC about relevant issues within the various Regional Groups, RSCs, and at pan-European level. The functional focus of activities of Steering Group Operations are the operational planning, the operational security and the frequency control.

Steering Group Operations contributes to defining and updating technical and operational rules as well as developing proposals for harmonization of operational procedures at pan-European level and therefore promotes operational coherence among regions and synchronous areas.

Steering Group Operations promotes the evolution of existing operational processes and applications to cope with the day-to-day challenges of operations. It coordinates operational tasks within its substructure to ensure efficient and effective use of the scarce resources of experts.

Steering Group Operations ensures the implementation of new concepts developed by Steering Group Strategy and approved by SOC. The main goal is to meet the challenges of and proactively assess the continuous change in operational, organizational and technological, as well as regulatory and social aspects of Transmission System Operators.

Steering Group Operations works closely with Steering Group Operational Framework and develops pan-European methodologies and regulatory reports as required by the European Network Codes and Clean Energy Package.


The aim of the Steering Group Strategy is to define and develop operational strategies for the SOC to meet future challenges and changes in the power sector beyond the day-to-day operations. The main focus is the coordination of the power system operation: between TSOs, with DSOs and inter-sectorial.

Steering Group Strategy supports SOC in the assessment of infrastructure, regulatory or technological developments and their impact in the operation, making proposals that fits with the SOC target of security, resilience and efficiency in the power system operation. The main tasks of the group are:

  • Develop operational strategies for SOC that consider system and market developments for the next 10 years.

  • Ensure that all relevant topics to SOC are identified, evaluated and accordingly taken into account.

  • Assess and contribute to the development of regulatory proposals, new operational concepts, common tools, and evolution of coordination.

  • Where appropriate, identify required activities and projects and provide SOC with a prioritized work plan that aligns with the defined operational strategy.

IT & Tools

The main role of the Steering Group IT & Tools is to provide technical and business oversight and guidance to SOC to ensure that IT Systems and projects that are required to fulfil business needs of SOC are properly planned, built, delivered, implemented and operated. Steering Group IT & Tools steers, monitors and provides assurance on both project and operational delivery of relevant SOC decisions.

Steering Group IT & Tools concentrates its efforts on the IT systems and Tools that are needed for pan-European coordination, harmonization and reporting. Applying both technical and business knowledge, it provides feedback, commentary and guidance to SOC on project and operational deliverables.

Steering Group IT & Tools initiates project proposals and assesses project proposals initiated by other parties to validate that scope of work, governance, organizational and resource requirements are fit for purpose and in line with SOC decisions. It ensures that robust change controls and release management practices are in place and complied with, for project and operational activities.

Steering Group IT & Tools, together with SOC Chair or Vice Chair, represents SOC in the Digital committee which coordinates the digital strategy at ENTSO-E level.

Operational Framework

The Steering Group Operational Framework focuses on developing, implementing and monitoring of the adequate System Operation framework for the transmission systems of Europe, while ensuring sustainable further development and change management of this framework, according to the needs of security of supply, TSOs’ and transmission grid users’ needs.

Such framework is based on the European network codes and guidelines and their implementation, which implies the development of methodologies at regional or European level. It favors the establishment of contractual agreements between all TSOs and for the possible extension of their application by non-EU TSOs.

The Steering Group ensures the representation of SOC in the European Stakeholder Committee set-up in accordance with the European network codes and guidelines.

Learn more about the operational Network Codes

Working Group Critical System Protection

The reliable and secure operation of European transmission systems is only possible if the corresponding physical infrastructure is not endangered by natural phenomena or (adverse) human activity. Therefore, the protection of critical infrastructure must be ensured. The Working Group Critical System Protection (WG CSP) copes with the development of critical systems and infrastructure protection on European level. It is responsible for coordinating critical system protection issues regarding electricity transmission. The main function of the WG CSP is to follow the development of the critical infrastructure protection at European level, and to contribute to the dialog with the European Commission on critical infrastructure protection.

RSC (Regional Security Coordinators) Project

Regional cooperation strategy is a key element of ENTSO-E’s roadmap. It has been initiated in 2015 with the approval by the Board of the ENTSO-E Project “TSO Coordination Strategy Implementation with RSCs” (RSC Project).

There have been considerable regional coordination developments since 2015 with signing of the all-TSOs MLA in December 2015 and the establishment of three new RSCs, in addition to Coreso and TSCnet, namely SCC (2015), Nordic RSC (2016) and Baltic RSC (2016). In addition, establishing a further RSC in SEE is planned to be completed till end 2019. The project team was also key in developing the FTI study in late 2016 which greatly contributed to successful advocacy on Regional Cooperation and role of RSCs in the Clean Energy Package (CEP), ensuring that ENTSO-E/TSOs model for regional cooperation was maintained in the new legislation.

Over the next three years, the critical tasks for RSCs is the full implementation of the 6+1 services (including non-legally binding service of Critical Grid Situations) under CACM, SOGL and NC ER to realise the benefits of increased regional coordination in both market and system operations. In addition, the Entry into Force of the Clean Energy Package will impact the evolution of the RSC Project and needs to be taken into account in the future.

Learn more about Regional Security Coordinators

RPR (Risk Preparedness) Project

Under the Clean Energy Package, the Risk Preparedness Regulation is being addressed via the PRP Project within SOC. The main deliverables of the RPR Project are the Methodology for Identifying Regional Electricity Crisis Scenarios and the Methodology for Short Term and Seasonal Adequacy Assessment. Next to these two pan-European Methodologies, the crisis scenarios identification at regional level will also be in the scope of the project.

Regional Groups

SOC has five permanent regional groups based on the synchronous areas (Continental Europe, Nordic, Baltic, Great Britain, and Ireland-Northern Ireland). The Regional Groups report into Steering Group Operations and they are represented at each Steering Group meeting.

The Regional Groups ensure compatibility between system operations, market and system development topics. The main tasks are:

  • Enhancing and developing operational processes;

  • Investigating the frequency deviations relevant for each synchronous area;

  • Enhancing and maintaining the network models and forecast tools at regional level;

  • Observing and enhancing the system performance and dynamic behaviour;

  • Integrating internal and interconnecting external systems;

  • Implementing the Operational Agreements at regional level, as requested by the European Guidelines

Regional GroupParticipating Countries
Continental EuropeAustria, Albania, Belgium,,Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Croatia, Denmark (West),,France, Republic of North Macedonia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy,,Luxemburg, Montenegro, Nederland, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia,,Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland and Turkey (observer member).
NordicDenmark,(East), Finland, Norway and Sweden
BalticEstonia, Latvia, Lithuania
UKGreat Britain
Ireland/Northern IrelandIreland, Great Britain