Industrial demand response for congestion management and adequacy

Power-intensive industry can adjust their consumption of power to the production of power in the grid so that it consumes more in periods of high generation and less in periods of low. The capacity for big load shifting enables industry to be a resource for adequacy. Depending on where the industry is located, they may also offer congestion management. Some facilities currently have an agreement with the TSO, where the TSO can cut parts of their power supply for a limited time period, typically for a compensation. This will definitely help address congestion issues.

Components & enablers

To be able to consume energy only from renewables the production manufacturing has to be designed in a way that makes it possible to turn it on and off relatively fast and without incurring high shutdown/start-up costs.

State of the art in application and research

Flexibility from large loads is not new, but some power- intensive industries in Europe is looking into how they can both produce a green product from renewable generation and at the same time be able to offer ancillary services to grid companies.

The New 4.0 project covered flexibility from aluminum production. All their electrolysis plants are in interrupt ability schemes and can be cut out for up to one hour per day by the TSO, providing them with congestion management services.

Technology Readiness Level

TRL 9 – implementation:

Power-intensive industry already participates in flexibility markets. Projects research how this can be done more (cost-)effectively, and how more flexibility can be offered.

Current focus of R&D and research gaps

PEM electrolysis has a lot of potential. Research in this area might make the production of hydrogen even more efficient.


[1] WindNODE. [Link]

2] New 4.0 [Link] :

  • Pilot: flexibility from heating facilities. [Link]
  • Pilot: flexibility from aluminium production. [Link]
  • Pilot: flexibility from steel production. [Link]

[3] OSMOSE WP5. [Link]